Best Naturopath Timmins - The existence of elevated levels of cholesterol in the blood is referred to as hypercholesterolemia. Although it is not a sickness, it is considered a metabolic derangement that could be a result of several sicknesses, especially cardiovascular disease. Hypercholesterolemia is very much associated to the terms hyperlipoproteinemia, which translates to high lipoprotein levels within the blood and hyperlipidemia that means high lipid levels within the blood.
Different elements could contribute to elevated cholesterol levels in the blood. Elevated levels of cholesterol within the blood are caused by abnormalities in the levels of lipoproteins in the blood, because these are the particles which are responsible for carrying cholesterol within the bloodstream. Genetic factors such as LDL receptor mutations found in familial hypercholesterolemia, food intake and diseases like for example underactive thyroid or diabetes can all be contributing problems. The kind of hypercholesterolemia is determined by which particle kind is present in excess, for instance, low-density lipoprotein or also known as LDL.
This condition is usually treated by reducing the intake of dietary cholesterol, and the administration of different medications. For particularly severe subtypes, an operation may be needed but this is a rare option.
Signs and Symptoms
When there are yellowish-coloured patches comprising cholesterol deposits found in the eyelids is known as Xanthelasma palpebrarum. This is a common sign in individuals who have familial hypercholesterolemia.
The condition of hypercholesterolemia itself is asymptomatic, though, longstanding elevation of serum cholesterol could ultimately lead to atherosclerosis. Chronically elevated serum cholesterol contributes to the formation of atheromatous plaques within the arteries. This could take decades to develop. This condition causes the progressive stenosis or narrowing of the involved arteries. In various patients, complete occlusion or blockage could happen. These occluded or stenotic arteries greatly reduce organ function due to the lack of blood supply to the affected organs and tissues. Sooner or later, organ function becomes impaired. It is at this time that restriction in blood supply, called tissue ischemia could manifest as specific symptoms.
A TIA or also called transient ischemic attack is brief ischemia of the brain. This condition may manifest as dizziness, difficulty speaking or aphasia, momentary vision loss, paresis or weakness and numbness or tingling on one side of the body called paresthesia. When inadequate blood is being supplied to the heart, chest pain can be the result. If ischemia of the eye happens, a momentary visual loss can take place in one eye. Calf pain felt while walking can be because of insufficient blood supply in the legs and not enough blood supply in the intestines can present as abdominal pain after eating.
Some types of hypercholesterolemia could present in specific ways. For example, besides the Xanthelasma palpebrarum discussed above, there could likewise be white or gray discoloration of the peripheral cornea, known as arcus senilis and a deposition of yellowish cholesterol rich material referred to as xanthomata can be found on the tendons especially in the fingers. Type III hyperlipidema could be associated with xanthomata of the knees, palms and elbows.
Click to Download the pdf